Volcanic Lava Tube - Skylight
Volcano Terms and Definition


Lava Flows and Lava Tubes
40-minute video uses spectacular and unusual footage of erupting volcanoes from Hawaii and around the world to explain the features found in many of our volcanic national parks and monuments, and to show how they form. It presents up-to-date scientific ideas about lava flows: how they move, how they change, and how they create lava tubes



Young Learners Microscopes
Expose your child to the fascinating world of natural specimens as you examine an arachnid, a crustacean and other insects up-close. Grades K & up. Fully functioning microscope makes learning fun!

Thurston (Nahuku) lava tube near summit caldera of Kilauea Volcano in Hawaii Volcanoes National Park
Lava tube

Lava tubes are natural conduits through which lava travels beneath the surface of a lava flow. Tubes form by the crusting over of lava channels and pahoehoe flows. A broad lava-flow field often consists of a main lava tube and a series of smaller tubes that supply lava to the front of one or more separate flows. When the supply of lava stops at the end of an eruption or lava is diverted elsewhere, lava in the tube system drains downslope and leaves partially empty conduits beneath the ground. Such drained tubes commonly exhibit "high-lava" marks on their walls, generally flat floors, and many lava stalactites that hang from the roof. Lava can also erode downward, deepening the tube and leaving empty space above the flowing lava.



Scientist takes advantage of a skylight to measure height of lava flowing in a lava tube, Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii
Skylight

A skylight is an opening in the roof of a lava tube. Skylights usually form when part of the roof collapses into the tube, but they also occur where a roof failed to form over the lava channel. If the tube is active, a stream of glowing lava can be seen moving below.


Learning Resources Gears! Gears! Gears!

Great toy to help open up the world of "how things work" for younger kids. Inspires imaginative play, problem solving, and cause & effect thought processes. Gear up for hours of colorful action with Gears! Gears! Gears! enables children to create hundreds of three-dimensional construction possibilities. Set features plastic gears, connectors and interlocking bases packaged in a giant storage tub with an Activity Guides.





Elenco Electronics
Electronic Snap Circuits by Elenco is an award-winning toy for budding engineers eight years old and above.

Volcano Glossary

          

           

Leapfrog Learning Systems

  • Handheld computerized learning system
  • Learn to write letters on the L-Max handheld screen - the letters you write will appear on the TV and star in an animated story!
  • Learn on the go or at home
  • Works with the full Leapster and Leapster L-Max software library
  • Stories suddenly come to life with the light tap of the Magic Pen
  • The award-winning LeapPad Learning System teaches fundamental reading skills in a way that keeps your child coming back again and again
  • The LeapPad Learning System uses a larger platform and thinner pen designed for preschoolers and kindergartners to introduce them to the magic of books and reading
  • The library is organized by grade to teach reading, phonics, vocabulary, math, science, music and much more



Source:
U.S. Department of the Interior