More on: Europe. Despite starving in the shadow of the Powhatan Confederacy, English colonists nevertheless judged themselves physically, spiritually, and technologically superior to Native peoples in North America. Having been defeated by a seven nation army at the Battle of Leipzig in October , he was forced to abdicate after the Six Days' Campaign and the occupation of Paris. Carloman died several years later, and year-old Karl assumed complete control, beginning his historic reign as Charlemagne or Charles the Great. Gold mines emerged in greater numbers throughout the eighteenth century but still never rivaled the profitability of sugar or slave trading. The role of some northern nomadic groups in the trans-Saharan slave trade also helps to explain the historic and long-standing distrust between north and south.
The great age of monarchy, 1648–1789
Within five years, colonists were flouting the new boundary and were once again poaching in Powhatan territory. But, in , 12 years later, the war resumed when the Netherlands reverted to Spain when Albert and Isabel died childless. Under the guidance of Lerma, Philip III's government resorted to a tactic that had been resolutely resisted by Philip II, paying for the budget deficits by the mass minting of increasingly worthless vellones, causing inflation. Fiery Calvinist preacher John Knox returned to Scotland in , having been exiled for his part in the assassination of Cardinal Beaton. Empire Golden Age Economic Military. In an attempt to gain an advantage in numbers Charles negotiated a ceasefire with the Catholic rebels in Ireland, freeing up English troops to fight on the Royalist side in England. They had to pay special marriage and inheritance taxes; they were further required to provide tithes to the parish churches.
History of Europe - The emergence of modern Europe, – | Britannica
German Peasants' War. Like their counterparts in the Southeast, most Northeast Indians relied on a combination of agriculture and foraging, and many lived in large walled settlements. Main article: English Reformation. They greeted the victorious soldiers with tables set with feasts.
The emergence of modern Europe, 1500–1648
Description: Denmark's cause was aided by France, which, together with England, had agreed to help subsidize the war. Since the 13th century, sheepherding had fallen under the control of a guild known as the Mesta ; the guild was in turn dominated by a few grandees. The Habsburgs, whose family had traditionally ruled over diverse, noncontiguous domains and had been forced to devolve autonomy to local administrators, replicated those feudal policies in Spain, particularly in the Basque country and Aragon. Even to name them is to indicate the rich diversity of the European idea, whether inspiring adventures of sword and spirit or imposing restraints upon individuals inclined to change.